Monuments Sight Seeing Attractions Dahshur pyramids
Monuments Sight Seeing Attractions Dahshur pyramids When you first get to Dahshur, you might be forgiven for not paying much attention to the strange looking hill or heap of rubble shown below.
In fact, however, this is the so-called Black Pyramid of pharoah Amenemhat III who ruled from 1855-1808 BC during the Middle Kingdom period.
Although it might look like a total wreck,
the Black Pyramid
is one of only three of the original eleven pyramids at Dahshur which are still standing, and the interior passageways and chambers of the Black Pyramid are almost entirely intact.
The background of date palms on the flood plain of the Nile tells part of the reason why this pyramid collapsed – it’s only 10 meters above sea level, and built on an unstable foundation of hard clay.
Another reason is the building materials used –
primarily mud brick
and, apart from its outer covering, there was far less stonework in its structure than most other pyramids.
It’s thought that this was the first pyramid with burial chambers built to house both a pharoah and his queens.
The bones of both queen Aat and his second consort, who might have been Neferuptah, were found in their burial chambers – however, despite the presence of a sarcophagus in the king’s burial chamber, it seems that he was buried at another pyramid he built, at Hawara.
Surprisingly, though, there were four other burials inside the Black Pyramid and archaeologists speculate that two of these might have been pharoah Amenemhat IV and his queen, Sobekneferu.