Saqqara

Saqqara

Saqqara is a very large and ancient site.

Dominated by the step pyramid of Netjerykhet Djoser, the first monumental stone structure in human history.

There are 16 known pyramids at Saqqara, the most of any site in Egypt.

Pyramids from 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th dynasties can be found here.

It would take several days to even see a part of the area.

3 days are a minimum.

Saqqara

Saqqara

King Djosers’ step pyramid can be seen from as far north as Giza and south Dashur.

It is very imposing and sets to mood for the whole Saqqara necropolis.

We owe most of what we see today at the Step Pyramid to Jean-Philippe Lauer, who spent more than 70 years here reconstructing the site.

Personally this was the first ancient site that I visited in 1992 when I visited Egypt for the first time.

And it truly captivated me and still inspires to this day.

There are several old kingdom mastabas here of extraordinary beauty that would make to trip Egypt worthwhile all by themselves.

In addition the to Sarapeum (bull galleries), the monastery of St-Jerimiah, the tomb of Horemheb, and the 1st and 2nd mastabas to list just a few points of interest.

Saqqara is traditionally divided in 3 areas by the Egyptologist.

Saqqara

Saqqara

The north sector, includes the pyramid of Teti, the mastabas of Mereruka and Kagemni, the 1st/2nd dynasty mastabas and the baboon galleries.

The central sector includes the 3rd dynasty step pyramid of Djoser, the 5th dynasty pyramids of Unas and Userkaf, the 3rd dynasty pyramid of Sekhemkhet, the Sarapeum the mastabas of Niankh-khum.

Akhethotep, Irukaptah, Khenut, Nebet, Khenu, Mehu, Seshesehet, Neferherenptah and the Gisr el-Mudir a mysterious structure just west of the pyramid Unas.

It is in the burial vault of the pyramid of Unas that we bear witness to the oldest religious text in the world.

Saqqara

Saqqara

The southern sector includes the 6th dynasty pyramid of Pepi II, Merenre, Pepi I, the fifth dynasty pyramid Djedkare-Isesi, the 4th dynasty pyramid of Shepseskaf and the 7th dynasty pyramid of Ibi.

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